An Application-Oriented Introduction to Essential Optimization Concepts and Best Practices Optimization is an inherent human tendency that gained new life after the advent of calculus; now, as the world grows increasingly reliant on complex systems, optimization has become both more important and more challenging than ever before. Engineering Optimization provides a practically-focused introduction to modern engineering optimization best practices, covering fundamental analytical and numerical techniques throughout each stage of the optimization process. Although essential algorithms are explained in detail, the focus lies more in the human function: how to create an appropriate objective function, choose decision variables, identify and incorporate constraints, define convergence, and other critical issues that define the success or failure of an optimization project. Examples, exercises, and homework throughout reinforce the author´s ´´do, not study´´ approach to learning, underscoring the application-oriented discussion that provides a deep, generic understanding of the optimization process that can be applied to any field. Providing excellent reference for students or professionals, Engineering Optimization: Describes and develops a variety of algorithms, including gradient based (such as Newton´s, and Levenberg-Marquardt), direct search (such as Hooke-Jeeves, Leapfrogging, and Particle Swarm), along with surrogate functions for surface characterization Provides guidance on optimizer choice by application, and explains how to determine appropriate optimizer parameter values Details current best practices for critical stages of specifying an optimization procedure, including decision variables, defining constraints, and relationship modeling Provides access to software and Visual Basic macros for Excel on the companion website, along with solutions to examples presented in the book Clear explanations, explicit equation derivations, and practical examples make this book ideal for use as part of a class or self-study, assuming a basic understanding of statistics, calculus, computer programming, and engineering models. Anyone seeking best practices for ´´making the best choices´´ will find value in this introductory resource.
For courses in computer science and software engineering The Fundamental Practice of Software Engineering Software Engineering introduces students to the overwhelmingly important subject of software programming and development. In the past few years, computer systems have come to dominate not just our technological growth, but the foundations of our world´s major industries. This text seeks to lay out the fundamental concepts of this huge and continually growing subject area in a clear and comprehensive manner. The Tenth Edition contains new information that highlights various technological updates of recent years, providing students with highly relevant and current information. Sommerville´s experience in system dependability and systems engineering guides the text through a traditional plan-based approach that incorporates some novel agile methods. The text strives to teach the innovators of tomorrow how to create software that will make our world a better, safer, and more advanced place to live.
Agile Systems Engineering presents a vision of systems engineering where precise specification of requirements, structure, and behavior meet larger concerns as such as safety, security, reliability, and performance in an agile engineering context. World-renown author and speaker Dr. Bruce Powel Douglass incorporates agile methods and model-based systems engineering (MBSE) to define the properties of entire systems while avoiding errors that can occur when using traditional textual specifications. Dr. Douglass covers the lifecycle of systems development, including requirements, analysis, design, and the handoff to specific engineering disciplines. Throughout, Dr. Douglass couples agile methods with SysML and MBSE to arm system engineers with the conceptual and methodological tools they need to avoid specification defects and improve system quality while simultaneously reducing the effort and cost of systems engineering. Identifies how the concepts and techniques of agile methods can be effectively applied in systems engineering context Shows how to perform model-based functional analysis and tie these analyses back to system requirements and stakeholder needs, and forward to system architecture and interface definition Provides a means by which the quality and correctness of systems engineering data can be assured (before the entire system is built!) Explains agile system architectural specification and allocation of functionality to system components Details how to transition engineering specification data to downstream engineers with no loss of fidelity Includes detailed examples from across industries taken through their stages, including the Waldo industrial exoskeleton as a complex system Embedded Software Methodologist. Triathlete. Systems engineer. Contributor to UML and SysML specifications. Writer. Black Belt. Neuroscientist. Classical guitarist. High school dropout. Bruce Powel Douglass, who has a doctorate in neurocybernetics from the USD Medical School, has over 35 years of experience developing safety-critical real-time applications in a variety of hard real-time environments. He is the author of over 5700 book pages from a number of technical books including Real-Time UML, Real-Time UML Workshop for Embedded Systems, Real-Time Design Patterns, Doing Hard Time, Real-Time Agility, and Design Patterns for Embedded Systems in C. He is the Chief Evangelist at IBM Rational, where he is a thought leader in the systems space and consulting with and mentors IBM customers all over the world. He can be followed on Twitter @BruceDouglass. Papers and presentations are available at his Real-Time UML Yahoo technical group (http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/RT-UML) and from his IBM thought leader page (www-01.ibm.com/software/rational/leadership/thought/brucedouglass.html).
This compilation on sustainability issues in civil engineering comprises contributions from international experts who have been working in the area of sustainability in civil engineering. Many of the contributions have been presented as keynote lectures at the International Conference on Sustainable Civil Infrastructure (ICSCI) held in Hyderabad, India. The book has been divided into core themes of Sustainable Transportation Systems, Sustainable Geosystems, Sustainable Environmental and Water Resources and Sustainable Structural Systems. Use of sustainability principles in engineering has become an important component of the process of design and in this context, design and analysis approaches in civil engineering are being reexamined to incorporate the principles of sustainable designs and construction in practice. Developing economies are on the threshold of rapid infrastructure growth and there is a need to compile the developments in various branches of civil engineering and highlight the issues. It is this need that prompted the composition of this book. The contents of this book will be useful to students, professionals, and researchers working on sustainability related problems in civil engineering. The book also provides a perspective on sustainability for practicing civil engineers who are not directly researching the problems but are affected by the concerns in the course of their profession. The book can also serve to highlight to policy makers and governing bodies the need to have a mandate for sustainable infrastructural development. G L Sivakumar Babu completed his Ph.D .(Geotechnical Engineering) in 1991 from Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India, after earning his Masters Degree (Soil Mechanics Foundation Engg.) in 1987 from Anna University, Madras and B.Tech. (Civil Engineering) in 1983 from Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati. He worked in Central Road Research Institute and International Airports Authority of India New Delhi. He joined Indian Institute of Science in 1997, where his teaching and research activities include courses on Geomechanics, Soil investigations, risk and reliability applications in Civil Engineering, Pavement Engineering, Geosynthetics, and Ground Improvement. He is Editor-in-Chief of the Indian Geotechnical Journal and is Editorial Board Member of 1) Journal of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste, ASCE, 2) International Journal of Geomechanics, ASCE 3) International Journal of Georisk -Assessment and Management of Risk for Engineered Systems and Geohazards, Taylor & Francis Group, and 4) International journal of systems assurance engineering and management, Springer Publications, 5) International Journal of Geosynthetics and Ground Engineering and Ground Improvement, Journal of Institution of Civil Engineers, UK (during 2006 to 2013). He is the Governor of Region 10, ASCE, Ex-President of ASCE (India Section), a member of Sectoral Innovation Council, Ministry of Road Transport and Highways and Highway Research Board (Identification, Monitoring and Research Application) Committee, Indian Roads Congress, New Delhi. He worked as Humboldt Fellow & Visiting Scientist in Germany during June 1999- July 2000 and as Visiting Scholar, Purdue University, Lafayette, USA during 2/95 - 2/96. He is presently the Chairman, International Technical Committee (TC-302) on Forensic Geotechnical Engineering (FGE) of International Society for Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering (ISSMGE) and served as its secretary during 2005-2009 and 2009-2013. He was a member in International Technical Committee (TC-32) on Risk assessment in Geotechnical Engineering during 1997-2001 and 2001-2005. He is a Fellow of ASCE, Life Member of Indian Roads Congress, Fellow of Institution of Engineers India, Fellow of Indian Geotechnical Society, Fellow of Association of Consulting Engineers (ACCE). He has guided a number of students for research degrees (Ph.D and M. Sc (Engg.) and wrote a book on soil reinforcement and geosynthetics, edited six books and proceedings and has over 200 publications to his credit in journals and conferences of international repute. He has received several awards for his work such as best PhD thesis in geotechnical Engineering in India from Indian Geotechnical Society, Humboldt fellowship from Germany, DST Boyscast Fellowship, Young Engineer from Central Board of Irrigation and Power, New Delhi and a few awards for best papers from ASCE and Indian Geotechnical Society.
Sustainability in the Design, Synthesis and Analysis of Chemical Engineering Processes is an edited collection of contributions from leaders in their field. It takes a holistic view of sustainability in chemical and process engineering design, and incorporates economic analysis and human dimensions. Ruiz-Mercado and Cabezas have brought to this book their experience of researching sustainable process design and life cycle sustainability evaluation to assist with development in government, industry and academia. This book takes a practical, step-by-step approach to designing sustainable plants and processes by starting from chemical engineering fundamentals. This method enables readers to achieve new process design approaches with high influence and less complexity. It will also help to incorporate sustainability at the early stages of project life, and build up multiple systems level perspectives. Ruiz-Mercado and Cabezas book is the only book on the market that looks at process sustainability from a chemical engineering fundamentals perspective. Improve plants, processes and products with sustainability in mind; from conceptual design to life cycle assessment Avoid retro fitting costs by planning for sustainability concerns at the start of the design process Link sustainability to the chemical engineering fundamentals Dr. Ruiz-Mercado is currently leading and developing U.S. EPA research projects in areas of sustainable development for helping society, government, industry, and academia. His experience, published record, and contributions to the advancement of knowledge in research areas such as sustainability evaluation, sustainable process design and life cycle sustainability evaluation, demonstrate his capability to identify new research needs and challenges.
Engineering of Gravity and Time:A New Theory That Incorporates the Law of Universal Gravitation and General Relativity with Rotational Motion Yousef Ramadan Gab-Allah
This book explores sustainability engineering through the lens of the manufacturing and chemical process industries to elucidate the safe and economic implementation of process designs used to transform raw materials into useful finished products. The author applies the tenets of sustainability science to develop an engineering methodology that supports the perpetual availability of raw materials through recycling/reuse/repurposing, incorporates inexhaustible supplies, such as solar energy and municipal waste, and encompasses the husbandry of these resources in a manner that minimizes negative environmental impacts. Anyone involved in the design or manufacture of chemicals, or the upgrade of existing manufacturing processes, will benefit from this books suggestions for identifying improvement options, while adding the pivotal aspect of sustainability to the usual cost and safety equation optimization elements. Dr. Jeffery Perl, PE, CHMM has been President of Chicago Chem Consultants Corporation (CCC) for the past 30 years. Over the years, CCCs work has focused on chemical process engineering, hazardous waste treatment and environment, safety and occupational health management systems (ESOH-MS) and related engineering activities. Dr. Perl is a former plant manager and process engineer for a national solvent chemical recovery and recycling business. His specialties include chemical process design, engineering and troubleshooting, pollution prevention, Superfund remediation design, negotiations with state regulators, chemical separation processes and bringing new products to market. He has contributed forensic engineering evidence and expert testimony regarding root cause of process failures leading to workplace accidents involving death or injury as well as premature production failure, as well as Fraud, Waste and Abuse in federal government contracting. He provides investment and technical reviews of new product or technical service opportunities for corporate, venture capital and private investors. Jeff also served as Adjunct Professor of Chemical Engineering, University of Illinois at Chicago, for 6 years, from 2008-2014, teaching the two semester senior chemical process design engineering course. Dr. Perl has authored numerous technical papers, and has undertaken conference presentations and chaired symposia. He served in the United States Air Force Reserve from 1993 through 2004 with three by-name request HQ assignments over 10 years, including work on AF environmental and pollution prevention contracting and compliance issues for the AF Center for Environmental Excellence, San Antonio TX HQ and later in the office of The Air Force Surgeon General in Washington DC, where he focused on active duty readiness issues. Dr. Perl is a Fellow of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE) as well as The Institute of Hazardous Materials Management (IHMM). For the past 8 years Jeff has served on the National Council of Examiners of Engineers and Surveyors (NCEES), professional engineering (PE) chemical exam licensing committee. Jeff is a private pilot who also enjoys tinkering with geothermal heat pumps
Bioprocess Engineering: Kinetics, Sustainability, and Reactor Design, Second Edition, provides a comprehensive resource on bioprocess kinetics, bioprocess systems, sustainability, and reaction engineering. Author Dr. Shijie Liu reviews the relevant fundamentals of chemical kinetics, batch and continuous reactors, biochemistry, microbiology, molecular biology, reaction engineering, and bioprocess systems engineering, also introducing key principles that enable bioprocess engineers to engage in analysis, optimization, and design with consistent control over biological and chemical transformations. The quantitative treatment of bioprocesses is the central theme in this book, with more advanced techniques and applications being covered in depth. This updated edition reflects advances that are transforming the field, ranging from genetic sequencing, to new techniques for producing proteins from recombinant DNA, and from green chemistry, to process stability and sustainability. The book introduces techniques with broad applications, including the conversion of renewable biomass, the production of chemicals, materials, pharmaceuticals, biologics, and commodities, medical applications, such as tissue engineering and gene therapy, and solving critical environmental problems. Includes the mechanistic description of biotransformations and chemical transformations Provides quantitative descriptions of bioprocesses Contains extensive illustrative drawings, which make the understanding of the subject easy Includes bioprocess kinetics and reactor analysis Contains examples of the various process parameters, their significance, and their specific practical use Incorporates sustainability concepts into the various bioprocesses Dr. Shijie Liu is a professor of bioprocess engineering at the State University of New York - College of Environmental Science and Forestry (SUNY ESF), Syracuse, NY, USA. His contributions include volume averaging in porous media, kinetics of reactions on solid surfaces, cooperative adsorption theory, the theory of interactive enzymes, and the kinetic modeling of polyauxic growth / fermentation. Much of his childhood was spent in the country side of Sichuan Province in China, finished high school in 1978 from Luxi High School, in a little town just a few kilometers away from his home of birth. He graduated from Chengdu University of Science and Technology (now merged into Sichuan University) with a BS degree in Chemical Engineering in 1982. His early career started in the chemical industrial city of Lanzhou, China before moving to Canada. He obtained his PhD degree in Chemical Engineering from the University of Alberta in 1992 under Prof. Jacob H. Masliyah. Since then, he worked in the University of Alberta and Alberta Research Council before joining SUNY ESF in 2005. He has over 150 peer-reviewed publications today and maintains strong collaborations with colleagues in China from various universities. He taught a variety of courses including transport phenomena, numerical methods, mass transfer, chemical kinetics, pulp and paper technology, colloids and interfaces, chemical reaction engineering, bioreaction engineering, bioprocess kinetics and systems engineering, bioefinery processes, advanced biocatalysis, advanced bioprocess kinetics, and bioprocess engineering. Dr. Liu currently serves as the Editor-In-Chief of the Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy, as well as the Editor-In-Chief of the Journal of Bioprocess Engineering and Biorefinery.
This book focuses on the analysis of cancer dynamics and the mathematically based synthesis of anticancer therapy. It summarizes the current state-of-the-art in this field and clarifies common misconceptions about mathematical modeling in cancer. Additionally, it encourages closer cooperation between engineers, physicians and mathematicians by showing the clear benefits of this without stating unrealistic goals. Development of therapy protocols is realized from an engineering point of view, such as the search for a solution to a specific control-optimization problem. Since in the case of cancer patients, consecutive measurements providing information about the current state of the disease are not available, the control laws are derived for an open loop structure. Different forms of therapy are incorporated into the models, from chemotherapy and antiangiogenic therapy to immunotherapy and gene therapy, but the class of models introduced is broad enough to incorporate other forms of therapy as well. The book begins with an analysis of cell cycle control, moving on to control effects on cell population and structured models and finally the signaling pathways involved in carcinogenesis and their influence on therapy outcome. It also discusses the incorporation of intracellular processes using signaling pathway models, since the successful treatment of cancer based on analysis of intracellular processes, might soon be a reality. It brings together various aspects of modeling anticancer therapies, which until now have been distributed over a wide range of literature. Written for researchers and graduate students interested in the use of mathematical and engineering tools in biomedicine with special emphasis on applications in cancer diagnosis and treatment, this self-contained book can be easily understood with only a minimal basic knowledge of control and system engineering methods as well as the biology of cancer. Its interdisciplinary character and the authors extensive experience in cooperating with clinicians and biologists make it interesting reading for researchers from control and system engineering looking for applications of their knowledge. Systems and molecular biologists as well as clinicians will also find new inspiration for their research. Andrzej Swierniak received his PhD in Automatic Control from the Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice Poland. He published approximately 300 papers. He is a Fellow of the American Mathematical Society, and a member of the IEEE, Society of Mathematical Biology, Polish Society of Theoretical and Applied Electrotechnics, IFAC Committees 1.4 and 8.2, Committees of Automatic Control and Robotics, and Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering of Polish Academy of Science. He is an editorial boards member of Mathematical Bioscience, International Journal of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science, Mathematical Problems in Engineering, and the Editor in Chief of Archives of Control Sciences. His current interests are in control and optimization, biomathematical modeling and systems biology. His research has been supported by Polish National Centre Science, Polish National Centre of Research and Development, NATO, and European Community FP6 and FP7. Dr Swierniak has advised 10 PhD and 50 MS students and has organized numerous conferences and international meetings in System Engineering and Systems Biology. Marek Kimmel is a Professor of Statistics and Bioengineering at the Rice University in Houston, TX, USA and a Professor in the Systems Engineering Group in the Silesian University of Technology in Gliwice, Poland. He is an author and co-author of over 200 peer-reviewed publications and 5 monographs. His professional interests are focused in application of stochastic processes in molecular and cell biology and genetics. He advised about 30 doctoral students in USA, Poland and France. His research has been supported by grants from NSF, NIH, NATO, ERC, NCN (Polish National Science Committee), EPSRC (UK). He is the Mathematical Biology Editor of Biology Direct and in 2011 was the Fellow at the Institute for Advanced Study at Warwick University, UK. He is a Fellow of the American Statistical Association. Jaroslaw Smieja received PhD degree in Automatic Control from the Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice Poland, in 2000. His research interests include systems application of mathematical modeling and control theory methods to analysis of biological systems both at